Chapter 20 - Self-Evaluation and Chapter Confidence

All of the following are involved in the spread of antibiotic resistance except

Resistance to antibiotics is facilitated by which of the following?

VRSA stands for which of the following?

MRSA organisms are resistant to which of the following?

Resistance to antibiotics seen at the level of the ribosome is caused by

Increased use of antibiotics can be attributed to

The best way to prevent antibiotic resistance is to

The useful life of antibiotics can be increased by

Active transport of penicillin out of the bacterial cell is required because the concentration of antibiotic is lower outside than inside the cell.

Genes for antibiotic resistance are more of a problem on plasmids because they are expressed at a higher rate.

Bacteria can resist the action of β-lactam antibiotics by producing penicillin-binding proteins that do not bind penicillin.

Potassium clavulanate augments the action of antibiotics by inhibiting the action of β-lactamase enzymes.

Antibiotics promote superinfections because they make the bacteria normally present in the body stronger.

Because antibiotics are not effective against viruses, taking antibiotics does not prevent or cure viral infections.

The main cause of viral resistance to antiviral drugs is because they produce many proteins.

E. coli has become a clinical problem because it has acquired antibiotic resistance and can cause dangerous systemic infections.

Because metabolic pathways can parallel one another, circumvention of the blockade of an established pathway can occur.

Mutants that are resistant to antibiotics are selected for in the presence of antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance does not spread easily in health care facilities.

Handwashing is important to combat the spread of antibiotic resistance.

The time taken for antibiotic resistance to develop can be lengthened by using more broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Resistance to an antibiotic can only occur through destruction of the antibiotic.